Say What? Fitness jargon decoded

“Wait- how many reps per set? Or was it how many sets per circuit?” All this lingo can get confusing.

Here are some common terms you may see/hear me use related to workouts:

Rep: (“repetition”): One complete movement of a single exercise

Set: A group of consecutive repetitions

SuperSet: Set of two exercises that are performed back-to-back, without any rest time between them

Compound Sets: Involve the performance of two exercises for antagonistic muscles (e.g. bench press <chest> followed by cable rows <back> ).

Circuit Training: A series of exercises that an individual performs one after another with minimal rest

Split Routing Training: A system that incorporates training an individual’s body parts with a high volume on separate days

Cardio: Physical exercise that involves and places stress on the cardiorespiratory system

Strength Training: Exercise that works the muscles; the ability of the neuromuscular system to produce internal tension to overcome an external load

Stability: The ability of the body to maintain postural equilibrium and support joints during movement.

Flexibility: Normal extensibility of soft tissues allowing full range of motion of a joint; training that integrates various stretches in all 3 planes of motion to produce maximum extensibility of tissues

Intensity: The level of demand that a given physical activity places on the body

Core: 1. The center of the body and the beginning point for movement; 2. The structures that make up the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex, including the lumbar spine, the pelvic girdle, abdomen, and the hip joint.

Core Strength: The ability of the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex musculature to control and individual’s constantly changing center of gravity

Agility: The ability to accelerate, decelerate, stabilize, and change direction quickly while maintaining proper posture

Dynamic Balance: The ability to move and change directions under various conditions without falling




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